Doomsday Cults – Jim Jones and the People’s Temple

The mass suicide in Jonestown, Guyana on November 18th 1978 was the largest civilian loss of American lives, apart from those lost in natural disasters, of modern times, that is until 9/11. Known correctly as the stown massacre, in all, nine hundred and eighteen people died in this tragic event, in the settlement itself, in the capital Georgetown and also at a nearby airstrip.

Jim Jones, leader of the cult, founded the People’s Temple in Indiana in the mid 1950’s. Unlike many cults, it had a political rather than a religious aspect, and was dedicated to the establishment of extreme socialism. And unlike many cult leaders, Jim Jones was to some extent an establishment figure, associating with high ranking members of the US government and at one time being appointed Chairman of the San Francisco Housing Commission.

During the 1970’s Jones moved his headquarters from Indiana to San Francisco. Indiana had not welcomed his integrationist views, and California had a more liberal climate in which Jones could operate.

Jim Jones views and methods were under examination and attack in the US, so he sought a more congenial place to establish his People’s Temple Agricultural Project, or Jonestown as it became known. Jones settled upon the country of Guyana, which was very amenable to his socialist views and appeared to provide a safe haven.

He and his followers began to build a community in the jungle. The small country was overwhelmed by the mass immigration of five hundred followers, and it is undoubtedly the case that there was rampant bribery by Jones to allow him to import the arms and drugs which he required. Jonestown was run along pure communist lines, and required communal living and complete equality. The model was of North Korea, the Soviet Union and Cuba, with intense restriction on personal freedom, including the inability of residents to leave.

Jim Jones was clearly a charismatic personality, as he seems to have been able to pull the wool over the eyes of many people, including the government of Guyana. By the late 1970’s, with investigative journalists hot on his trail, Jones himself moved to Jonestown, along with more migrants, and the population rose to close on a thousand. The land was very poor, and sustainability wasn’t possible. When Jones arrived, the overcrowding created pressure on the community, and this was coupled with a harsh new regime, based on the Korean model of eight hours work, eight hours study. (For study, read brainwashing.) Jones broadcast his incoherent thoughts around the compound night and day, making it difficult even to sleep.

Jonestown was hot, overcrowded, and married couples were forced to live apart. Food was meager, and work was the norm. Punishments close to torture for men, women and children were meted out to those who didn’t toe the Jones’ line. Many people became sick with dysentery and similar illnesses due to the poor hygiene of the settlement.

Eventually, people began to want to leave, and their plight was brought to the attention of Congressman Leo Ryan of Northern California, who eventually visited Jonestown and tried to take some people back to the US with him. Jones, by this time sick, abusing drugs and behaving with more than usual paranoia, ordered them to be killed. This killing took place at a local airstrip.

Fearing that the wrath of the US would be called down upon his organization, Jim Jones decided that the only escape was mass suicide. He convinced his followers that they would otherwise be subjected to torture, and a better place awaited them. A cocktail of cyanide, grape juice and Valium was prepared in vats, and people came forward to take the deadly mixture. Mothers gave the poison to their babies, then drank it themselves. Nine hundred and nine people committed suicide that day, including Jones, who shot himself � a much easier death that cyanide poisoning. Other cult members living in the capital Georgetown were instructed to kill themselves, and did so. A few people escaped, and lived to tell the tale.

The People’s Temple seems to have been less a Doomsday cult than a political experiment gone wrong. The Jonestown massacre was instigated by fear of reprisals more than by hope for a better world beyond the grave. Although Jones styled himself Reverend, there is little real evidence of religious belief or practices in the cult. Cult is certainly was, with strong elements of brainwashing and leader worship. There is no doubt that Jones was deluded at best, and wicked at worst.

Off-shore Instrument Technicians 4 Things You Should Know

Off-shore oil rigs are huge and as such need many people to keep things running efficiently. Among these, instrument technicians are some of the most in demand. Because the rig is in the middle of the sea, the salt in the water and air will damage the electrical, pneumatic and mechanical systems. This is where off-shore instrument technicians come in as without them oil rigs would not be able to function.

Job description

*As an instrument technician, you would have to install new machinery and equipment, maintain and monitor them and make sure they are in working order. For this, daily inspection has to be done to make sure there are no glitches.

Remuneration

*Off-shore jobs are very challenging and so remuneration is very good. Everyone on the rig – from the roustabouts to the technicians and supervisors – follows the same routine of 12-hour shifts, 7 to 14 days in a stretch and the same number of days off. On an average, instrument technicians get about $61,000 a year but this amount can differ from company to company. Job location and your experience level will also be factors.

Dangers

*While working on an off-shore oil rig, you will have to brave extreme weather and face the potential dangers of hurricanes and storms, and the fact that accidents, sometimes fatal ones, are more than a possibility. As an instrument technician, there is the added danger that you could get injured by the machinery or chemicals you have to handle.

Qualifications

*Instrument technicians must have a high school diploma and a degree in instrumentation or process technology, or an equivalent certificate/diploma from a recognized organization. If you don’t have the relevant qualifications, it would be a good idea to attend a two-year instrumentation technical course before applying. You will need to be a team player as most instrument technicians work in groups. You also must be able to troubleshoot and breakdown a problem logically so that you can solve it.

Though off-shore instrument technician jobs are in demand, they are difficult to get as they need a lot of technical skill and qualifications. At the end of the day, living on a rig can wear you down mentally and physically but if you feel you can handle the harsh environment, then go for it. But remember, that once you get the job, it doesn’t stop there: you have to keep learning, reading and updating yourself on new technologies.

About The Tv Show Greek

Are you feeling bored lately? Not sure where to go for the latest entertainment? Perhaps you can start looking at watching some rather interesting TV shows. Recently, there have been series after series of high quality sitcoms being aired on TV. Maybe they will make you laugh a little, and get rid of all that boredom. In fact, these sitcoms are so popular that there are usually several seasons for each sitcom. The TV show Greek, is one such example.

So, what is the show all about? Greek is a teen American sitcom, featuring students who are studying in Cyprus-Rhodes University. What is interesting about the show is that the University follows the Greek system. This system is mainly present in colleges and universities in North America. The system is organized in fraternities and sororities. Fraternities are for guys, and sororities are for girls.

The show follows the students around, showcasing their eventful university lives. The lead character is Casey Cartwright and her brother, Rusty Cartwright. All the characters belong to fictional fraternities – Kappa Tau Gamma, Omega Chi Delta and Zeta Beta Zeta.

The main characters are Rusty Cartwright, Casey Cartwright, Cappie, Calvin Owens, Evan Chambers, Ashleigh Howard, Dale Kettlewell, Rebecca Logan, and Frannie Morgan.

The TV show was started in early 2007. It was halted in September 2007 due to a writer’s strike. Since then, it has resumed production and Season 2 has been produced in 2008.

Season 1 is a lot of fun to watch. You will find it a really enjoyable experience when you start learning more about the characters. Each character has his or her own unique personality. Of course, you will find all sorts of different personalities featured in the show. Rusty is the geek one, and he is forever trying to shed his geeky image. Casey is the popular one in the show, and she tries to win the presidential election. She is dating Evan, also an immensely popular guy in the school. Evan is the big brother of Rusty. As the story gradually unfolds, many secrets are revealed. Calvin actually turns out to be homosexual! Season 1 ended with a total of 22 episodes.

Season 2 started in August 2008. So far, there are 10 episodes produced. By now, the audiences are already familiar with the characters. So less time can be spent on the personalities on the characters, and on important events in the characters’ lives.

All in all, you get to see lots of interesting events as the plot twists and turns. There is dating, rivalry, fights, popularity contests, and secrets – all the stuff that makes a great TV show. For the characters, school can be rather challenging and at the same time confusing.

This is very true because in general, teenagers tend to struggle a little bit with their identities. This TV show will surely bring back a lot of happy memories for both teenagers and adults.

Dominican Republic Photographer Exercising the Art of Photography

There is something about photography that a good Dominican Republic photographer may bring out the best in this craft.

Photography is one of today’s most celebrated artistic representations. Scientifically, photography is defined as the art, practice, and science of creating lifelike pictures by recording the radiation that any object emits and records this inside a radiation sensitive material. In other words, it is the art of capturing and runs on the certain medium for storage.

Obviously, photography just isn’t as new as our parents have think it is. It dated back so far as 1825, and the medium utilized to record the style, believe it or not, would be a metal plate. Through time, photography has evolved. From simple make shift pictures to real, crisp and precise detail. From film, to digital technology, photography has surely started out our wildest imaginations.

But who’d have thought that the simple practice of photography has become an art form celebrated by millions across the world? Who would have believed that a simple photograph can conjure countless thoughts and emotions and might capture an individual moment in time the location where the human eye might not appreciate? Surely, enthusiasts with this art from the start had pointed out that like many artistic representations, photography is but one discipline every artist should master. And right now, there are millions of virtuosos all across the world where they execute this art form as excellent every art form should be.

There is a lot to take into account in a photograph, and that may be the cause of the popular phrase -a picture may be worth a thousand words-. These elements to consider include light, color, texture, depth, pattern, symmetry and more that professionals seek to discover. These components are indispensible tools that artists must use to conjure images that are striking and also at the same time could capture what it’s all about that the photographer wants to convey. Therefore, photographers like a Dominican Republic photographer, must look into these elements that constitute an image. So that when hired, this Dominican Republic photographer could capture moments frozen with time that can provide happiness and memories and at the same time, moments that could last a lifetime. Photographers possess a noble job, and that’s to capture very special moments like birthday parties, weddings, each other celebration which is special to the ones celebrating it. Which is why it’s very important to hire a Dominican Republic photographer to exercise the art of photography.

Hailing The New Kids On The Block Black Female Models Turned Entrepreneurs

A cursory glance at black female models doesn’t reveal much about them. When we encounter hip hop vixens on television, music videos and magazines, we only see what they want us to see. The image that these models present to the public is carefully crafted to tantalize and entertain hip hop fans who by the way arent complaining. If anything, hip hop fans love what they see and they appreciate these models brazen beauty and sexiness.

Courtesy of Black Men Digital magazine, however, we have had an opportunity to peek into the private lives of some black female models and what weve found is amazing. For instance, did you know that many of the hip hop vixens you see on TV are actually very ambitious entrepreneurs who have launched very successful businesses? Interviews with some of these women have revealed how they work hard, smart and tirelessly to bring their lofty goals to fruition.

Meet Shanti Saha, proprietor of Saha Concierge. This dazzlingly beautiful model is a nursing graduate from Florida State University. Rather than becoming a nurse, Saha, an ambitious East Indian and Filipina entrepreneur, struck out in a different direction. She started her Los Angeles-based concierge business seeking to provide travel arrangements for high-end clients. Within a very short time this highly intelligent entrepreneur has tucked a few big names under her belt. Her client list is impressive; Sean Kingston, Yung Berg, James Harden, and Cuda Love, to name but a few, are some of her clientele. Diligence and commitment to satisfying discerning high-end clients has enabled her to put together a one of a kind business whose reputation is now growing in leaps and bounds.

Shanti Saha isnt the only model making waves in the business world. As Black Men Digital interviews reveal, numerous hip hop vixens are venturing into commerce, usually in addition to their modeling careers. Black female models increasing forays into business is testimony to their ambition, intelligence and independence. These hip hop vixens have turned previously held notions about black female models on their heads. It was widely believed, for instance, that models arent very bright women hence their choice of profession. The opposite is true though, considering all what these models have achieved.

Beauty is a boon for models, no doubt, and many people imagine that being hot is all it takes to succeed in the hip hop industry. As Shanti Saha and her fellow enterprising hip hop vixens have learnt through experience, it takes lots of time and effort before people can appreciate black female models entrepreneurial drive. Women entrepreneurs are now staking a claim in what was hitherto a male domain and men are slowly, albeit reluctantly, beginning to take note.

Types of mathematical models – Simulation techniques, decision theory, replacement models, heuristi

Simulation is a representation of reality (problem, system etc.) through the use of a model or other device which will react in the same manner as reality under a given set of conditions. Simulation is a very powerful tool and is used for problems which fail to be solved by the direct analysis. Once the simulation model is designed, it takes a little time to run a simulation on a computer. Decision theory: Decision theory plays an important role in helping managers make better decisions. Since, in the world people live, the course of future events cannot be predicted with absolute certainty, probabilities are associated with those events. Decision theory covers three categories of decision making under certainty, risk and uncertainty.

Replacement models: Replacement problems are generally two types involving the replacement of items that deteriorate with time and those that do not deteriorate but suddenly fail. The first category includes items like vehicles, machines, equipments, uniforms etc. The problem consists of finding the optimum time for a replacement so that the sum of the cost of new equipment, the cost of maintaining efficiency on the old and the cost of loss of efficiency is minimized. These problems can be solved by calculus and dynamic programming. The second category includes items like electric bulbs, tubes, tires etc. The problem, here, is about finding which items to replace and whether or not to replace them in a group and, if so, when. The objective is to minimize the sum of the cost of the item, cost of replacing the item and the cost associated with failure of items. These problems can be solved by statistical sampling and probability theory. Heuristic models: The heuristic models use rules of thumb or intuitive rules and guidelines (generally under computer control) to explore the most likely paths and to make educated guesses in arriving at a problem’s solution. Thus, checking all the alternatives, so as to obtain the optimum one, is not required. Heuristic models seem to be quite promising for future OR work. They bridge the gap between strictly analytical formulations and the operating principles which managers are habitual of using. Combined methods: A production control problem, for example, normally consists of a combination of inventory, allocation and queuing models. The usual method of solving such combined models consists of solving them one at a time in some logical sequence. However, operations research combines those models and constructs some type of master model, which takes into account the interaction of individual models.

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Nail Care For Stringed Instrument Players

Most stringed instrument players prefer to use a plectrum, or pick, to provide the percussive force that causes the strings to resonate. A number of performers, however, prefer to use their naked hand. There are distinct advantages to using one’s hand. The same articulation and precision that can be achieved with a pick is possible, though it requires a great deal of practice. Those softer parts of the hand, the outside of the pinky and the pads of the fingers and thumb, can produce gentle, muffled tones. Of course, the entire hand can be used for the loudest passages, providing more volume than a pick can usually pluck out of the instrument.

For a ukulele or any plucked, stringed instrument player, the nails are one of the most important parts of the hand. In most cases, performers who use a finger-picking style will grow out the nails on their right hands to their preferred length. It’s important to note the term “preferred length”. There are any number of sources that will try to say what’s too long or too short where nail length is concerned. This is entirely up to the performer. Nail length affects how an instrument is played and its sound quality, so there is no choice to be made here that is not aesthetic and individual in nature.

One’s nails will increase in strength as they’re used. They may split and break at first, but keep them filed and trimmed and they’ll rapidly increase in the amount of work they can perform. Remember to keep the entire nail smooth. People tend to have ridges and depressions on the back of their nails. These can be filed down to make the smoothest possible surface. Nails should be trimmed and filed to eliminate bends and hooks.

To avoid splitting and breaking, it is ideal to use methods to help strengthen the nail itself. For instance, vitamin E oil can be applied to the nail. Daily vitamin use is also ideal for good nail growth as well as strengthening them. Vitamin rich lotion is also an ideal way to keep your nails strong and looking healthy.

If for whatever reason you have problems with nail growth and keeping them strong, you have other options to consider including acrylic nails and Lee Press On Nails (Yes, they are still available if you dont have any leftover from the 80s!). Both can be applied to the nails to provide you your ideal ukulele playing nail length as well as provide you with the strength you need to play effectively.

Mozart Effect

Music is a very significant part of our life. We literally live on music. From our childhood, we could define what situation Tom & Jerry is in just by hearing that background music. As we grow up our music taste and our sense of music develop with our own perspective. Some chose music that reflects anger, while another choses a soothing touch of emotion in music. We often chose music according to our mood. We chose high beat trance songs when we are all pumped up, or chose soothing songs when we are low. We feel the music syncing down with our mood and let it make us feel what we want to feel. Little do we know, how music can affect our mood,thinking, let alone our Intelligence.

Psychoacoustics is a study of sound perception. it one of the major studies of the effects of music on the human mind. It basically describes how music format, starting from frequency and waveform till genre of music affects our mood, intelligence and even health. For example, any one can notice that violin tunes always feels close to heart. Its because the frequency of violin is close the resonance of our heart beat. Psychoacoustics branches out to many segments such as cognitive neuroscience, Franssen effect, Mozart effect, sound localization etc. However, one of the most interesting part of Psychoacoustics is the Mozart effect.

Mozart effect is a proven theory of music�s influence over intelligence. The term generated from an experiment that proved listening to Mozart Symphonies and melodies has a positive effect on Human Intelligence. If a child had been listening to mozart from early life, the child has more positive growth of intelligence than others. A set of research results that indicate that listening to Mozart’s music may induce a short-term improvement on the performance of certain kinds of mental tasks known as “spatial-temporal reasoning and short term memory capacity. Popularized versions of the hypothesis, which suggest that “listening to Mozart makes you smarter”. Another of set of experiment on lab rats show that, rats exposed to Mozart music improves their maze learning.

The April 2001 edition of Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine assessed the possible health benefits of the music of Mozart. John Jenkins played Sonata K.448 to patients with epilepsy and found a decrease in epileptiform activity. This created an impact on the whole music scene and changed the view of taking music as just a source of entertainment. In fact, on January 13, 1998, when Zell Miller, governor of Georgia, announced that his proposed state budget would include $105,000 a year to provide every child born in Georgia with a tape or CD of classical music. A separate incident of Budapest gypsy in 1875 is known for a violin symphony that caused the violinist to have a heart attack. In my personal way, Mozart music helps me have a sound sleep (Try Sonata in C major)

Music has been evaluated to see if it has other properties. The more we explore and know music, the more we learn about its attachment to our life. Maybe not for intelligence, not for medical use, but surely music brings an inner peace that nothing else can ever fill.

Tops Cartoon Characters sneakers

Batman
Can you picture a time when Batman wasn’t the Dark Knight we know now? Difficult to believe the a lot of transformations this superhero has observed through the many years, especially on television. You can catch this caped crusader now on Cartoon Network in Batman: The Brave and also the Bold. His chest is large! SB Dunk Mid Batman will attract your favorite.

Supermanman

To me, Superman could be the ultimate superhero. But is he a true superhero since he only has powers simply because he’s an alien, from one more world? Or is he only a guy who fell to ground for the appropriate world? I’m sure fanboys debate this problem regularly, but as extended as any incarnation of Superman contains a broad chest, incorruptible morals and old-fashioned chivalry, I am there.SuperMan Nike Dunks is on sale now.

Spiderman
Spider-man could be the everyman superhero. He began out because the geek subsequent door and was transformed into a mega-strong, mega-agile dude. Spider-man continues to be reproduced in Tv cartoons a lot of, a lot of times. Most lately Spidey starred within the Spectacular Spider-Man. View your Spiderman Nike Dunks.

Tom and Jerry
This cat and mouse team had been the inspiration for that Simpsons Itchy and Scratchy (without the gore).
Tom and Jerry chase each and every other, torment each other and typically attempt to defeat the other. Nevertheless Tom has the upper hand much more than, say, Sylvester, he nonetheless has yet to generate a meal of Jerry.

Donald Duck
As Mickey Mouse’s cynical sidekick, Donald Duck was often my preferred. (Significantly like Oscar the Grouch was my preferred on Sesame Street. Hm, issues?) It wasn’t the raspy voice or fashionable duds, but his eye-rolling attitude and exasperation with most on the globe that produced him so relatable.

Mighty Mouse

“Here I arrive to conserve the day!” Before Andy Kaufman lip-synched Mighty Mouse’s theme on Saturday Night Reside, Mighty Mouse had been by means of a lot of incarnations. Part mouse, part superhero, Mighty Mouse kept Mouseville secure from a assortment of cat villains.

Homer Simpson
Homer Simpson is recognized throughout the world. Getting been on Television for above 20 seasons, this patriarch is not the father who knows greatest, but he definitely tries. We can spot Nike Dunk The Simpsons Now.

Mickey Mouse
Mickey Mouse represents Disney in all its types. He started life in black and white Steamboat Willie. Mickey Mouse is not merely a cartoon character; he’s an icon.

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The Importance Of Role Models For Entrepreneurs

Do you think you have the capability to become an entrepreneur? There are lots of successful entrepreneurs present in this world today. It is very important to find the right kind of qualities that are required to become successful in this field.

Some people try to begin from the scratch but it is quite difficult to reach the top fast in this way. This is the reason why the young generations of entrepreneurs try to model their behavior on people who have already achieved success in this field.

There are various role models for entrepreneurs. It is very important to choose the right kind of model. When you hear of a role model the first thought that comes to your mind is of people who have reached heights are very popular all over the world.

These people too surely had their own role model who they used to follow. A role model is actually meant for following. Your model can also be a person who belongs to your family or even or your friend circle.

The person might not be well known and popular all over the world but he has made something for himself. You can look for such people in your family. If you have someone very close to you who has already made it to the top then you can even get good suggestion as well as tips from the person.

You must understand the importance of the role models. They will help you learn how to become a successful entrepreneur. The most important thing that entrepreneurs must have is the will to win.

The entrepreneur role models usually help the budding entrepreneur to learn about the various qualities that are necessary to become successful and reach the top. One of the things that you need to find out is the common trait between all the successful owners.

You must always remember that owning and managing a company is not too easy. You need to have enough guts to take proper decisions and also be ready to tae risks. Role models for entrepreneurs might differ from one person to the other but the characteristic traits of these successful people usually remain the same.

You need to follow these traits. People who are successful as entrepreneur are always good leaders. So you must also make sure that you become a good leader and mange your team in the best possible way.

Team work is very important because you alone cannot take your company to the top, you will need help from the employees. This is the reason why you also need to learn how successful entrepreneurs deal with their employees. This is why role models are so much essential.