Doomsday Cults – Jim Jones and the People’s Temple

The mass suicide in Jonestown, Guyana on November 18th 1978 was the largest civilian loss of American lives, apart from those lost in natural disasters, of modern times, that is until 9/11. Known correctly as the stown massacre, in all, nine hundred and eighteen people died in this tragic event, in the settlement itself, in the capital Georgetown and also at a nearby airstrip.

Jim Jones, leader of the cult, founded the People’s Temple in Indiana in the mid 1950’s. Unlike many cults, it had a political rather than a religious aspect, and was dedicated to the establishment of extreme socialism. And unlike many cult leaders, Jim Jones was to some extent an establishment figure, associating with high ranking members of the US government and at one time being appointed Chairman of the San Francisco Housing Commission.

During the 1970’s Jones moved his headquarters from Indiana to San Francisco. Indiana had not welcomed his integrationist views, and California had a more liberal climate in which Jones could operate.

Jim Jones views and methods were under examination and attack in the US, so he sought a more congenial place to establish his People’s Temple Agricultural Project, or Jonestown as it became known. Jones settled upon the country of Guyana, which was very amenable to his socialist views and appeared to provide a safe haven.

He and his followers began to build a community in the jungle. The small country was overwhelmed by the mass immigration of five hundred followers, and it is undoubtedly the case that there was rampant bribery by Jones to allow him to import the arms and drugs which he required. Jonestown was run along pure communist lines, and required communal living and complete equality. The model was of North Korea, the Soviet Union and Cuba, with intense restriction on personal freedom, including the inability of residents to leave.

Jim Jones was clearly a charismatic personality, as he seems to have been able to pull the wool over the eyes of many people, including the government of Guyana. By the late 1970’s, with investigative journalists hot on his trail, Jones himself moved to Jonestown, along with more migrants, and the population rose to close on a thousand. The land was very poor, and sustainability wasn’t possible. When Jones arrived, the overcrowding created pressure on the community, and this was coupled with a harsh new regime, based on the Korean model of eight hours work, eight hours study. (For study, read brainwashing.) Jones broadcast his incoherent thoughts around the compound night and day, making it difficult even to sleep.

Jonestown was hot, overcrowded, and married couples were forced to live apart. Food was meager, and work was the norm. Punishments close to torture for men, women and children were meted out to those who didn’t toe the Jones’ line. Many people became sick with dysentery and similar illnesses due to the poor hygiene of the settlement.

Eventually, people began to want to leave, and their plight was brought to the attention of Congressman Leo Ryan of Northern California, who eventually visited Jonestown and tried to take some people back to the US with him. Jones, by this time sick, abusing drugs and behaving with more than usual paranoia, ordered them to be killed. This killing took place at a local airstrip.

Fearing that the wrath of the US would be called down upon his organization, Jim Jones decided that the only escape was mass suicide. He convinced his followers that they would otherwise be subjected to torture, and a better place awaited them. A cocktail of cyanide, grape juice and Valium was prepared in vats, and people came forward to take the deadly mixture. Mothers gave the poison to their babies, then drank it themselves. Nine hundred and nine people committed suicide that day, including Jones, who shot himself � a much easier death that cyanide poisoning. Other cult members living in the capital Georgetown were instructed to kill themselves, and did so. A few people escaped, and lived to tell the tale.

The People’s Temple seems to have been less a Doomsday cult than a political experiment gone wrong. The Jonestown massacre was instigated by fear of reprisals more than by hope for a better world beyond the grave. Although Jones styled himself Reverend, there is little real evidence of religious belief or practices in the cult. Cult is certainly was, with strong elements of brainwashing and leader worship. There is no doubt that Jones was deluded at best, and wicked at worst.

Mozart Effect

Music is a very significant part of our life. We literally live on music. From our childhood, we could define what situation Tom & Jerry is in just by hearing that background music. As we grow up our music taste and our sense of music develop with our own perspective. Some chose music that reflects anger, while another choses a soothing touch of emotion in music. We often chose music according to our mood. We chose high beat trance songs when we are all pumped up, or chose soothing songs when we are low. We feel the music syncing down with our mood and let it make us feel what we want to feel. Little do we know, how music can affect our mood,thinking, let alone our Intelligence.

Psychoacoustics is a study of sound perception. it one of the major studies of the effects of music on the human mind. It basically describes how music format, starting from frequency and waveform till genre of music affects our mood, intelligence and even health. For example, any one can notice that violin tunes always feels close to heart. Its because the frequency of violin is close the resonance of our heart beat. Psychoacoustics branches out to many segments such as cognitive neuroscience, Franssen effect, Mozart effect, sound localization etc. However, one of the most interesting part of Psychoacoustics is the Mozart effect.

Mozart effect is a proven theory of music�s influence over intelligence. The term generated from an experiment that proved listening to Mozart Symphonies and melodies has a positive effect on Human Intelligence. If a child had been listening to mozart from early life, the child has more positive growth of intelligence than others. A set of research results that indicate that listening to Mozart’s music may induce a short-term improvement on the performance of certain kinds of mental tasks known as “spatial-temporal reasoning and short term memory capacity. Popularized versions of the hypothesis, which suggest that “listening to Mozart makes you smarter”. Another of set of experiment on lab rats show that, rats exposed to Mozart music improves their maze learning.

The April 2001 edition of Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine assessed the possible health benefits of the music of Mozart. John Jenkins played Sonata K.448 to patients with epilepsy and found a decrease in epileptiform activity. This created an impact on the whole music scene and changed the view of taking music as just a source of entertainment. In fact, on January 13, 1998, when Zell Miller, governor of Georgia, announced that his proposed state budget would include $105,000 a year to provide every child born in Georgia with a tape or CD of classical music. A separate incident of Budapest gypsy in 1875 is known for a violin symphony that caused the violinist to have a heart attack. In my personal way, Mozart music helps me have a sound sleep (Try Sonata in C major)

Music has been evaluated to see if it has other properties. The more we explore and know music, the more we learn about its attachment to our life. Maybe not for intelligence, not for medical use, but surely music brings an inner peace that nothing else can ever fill.

Kylie at Abbey Road

Abbey Road Studios in St John’s Wood, Greater London are the most famous recording studios in the world mainly because of their connection with the Beatles. Many people visit there just to pose on the zebra crossing where the historical photograph of the four members of the Beatles was taken.

So when one of the world’s most popular singers decides to record a new album there it is bound to attract a lot of attention. Kylie Minogue’s The Abbey Road Sessions was released on CD on October 24th 2012 and has been produced to celebrate her 25 years in show business. She has actually been connected with entertainment for longer than that because who can forget the big-haired Charlene in Neighbours which first made her a household name.

The album is a re-mix of some of the most notable songs she has performed throughout her long career and has the backing of her own band as well as a full orchestra. It has received mixed music reviews with some of the critics calling it cheesy, others finding the backing chosen for some of the songs slightly strange.

But this is an album which will appeal to die-hard Kylie fans of all ages. Her older fans will love to remember what they were doing in in 1987 when Locomotion was first released and can also wallow in nostalgia with I Should Be So Lucky.

It was Kylie’s personal choice to invite Australian musician Nick Cave to join her to re-record their duet Where the Wild Roses Grow for The Abbey Road Sessions and Confide in Me is sung to an accompaniment of strings and a sitar which works very well.

The ballad Hand on My Heart is sung to a guitar backing which makes it very moving and all Kylie fans will enjoy this. There are 18 songs on the album which plays for 55 minutes. It came into the UK charts at number two so the public obviously ignored the music reviews and made up their own minds. In Australia it reached number seven in the Australian album charts and number three in the Australian artist charts.

From the Runway to the Boardroom

Tyra Lynne Banks is a 38-year-old American supermodel who has also become a notable media personality and businesswoman. Banks is currently the host (and creator) of “America’s Next Top Model”, and previously had her own talk show, “The Tyra Banks Show.”

Tyra is a native of California, and began modeling when she was just 15 years old. Elite Model Management hired Banks when she was 16–after she was rejected by six other modeling agencies. She then received an opportunity to model in Milan, so she put off college to pursue her modeling career. In her very first runway season, Tyra Banks was able to book 25 fashion shows at New York Fashion Week in 1991. Over the course of her career, Banks has modeled clothes for famed designers like Valentino, Fendi and Chanel. And, of course, she is well known for gracing Victoria’s Secret runways and catalog covers as a lingerie model from 1997 to 2005.

Tyra Banks was the first African-American woman to be on the covers of GQ and Sports Illustrated magazines. These are perhaps the biggest accomplishments of her modeling career. While still modeling, Banks also began a film and television career. To those who have followed her TV career, she is likely known as Jackie Ames, the childhood friend of Will Smith on “The Fresh Prince of Bel Air.” Banks also co-starred in the 1994 drama “Higher Learning,” where she played a college student. She co-starred with Lindsay Lohan in the Disney movie “Life Size” as a life-sized doll who comes to life and tries to thrive in the real world.

While there hasn’t been much negative press about Banks’ personal life, and she is somewhat private about her dating life, the supermodel did have a serious relationship with John Singleton in the 1990s. Singleton is the movie producer behind such films as “Boyz in the Hood” and “Higher Learning.” She also dated athlete Chris Webber from 2001 to 2004. More recently, Banks has been linked to rapper Drake, and Rob Evans, one of the new judges on “America’s Next Top Model.”

These days, Banks runs Bankable Productions, the production company she began. She is also a contributor for the Vogue Italia website and has recently re-signed with her former modeling agency, IMG Models.

Games and chat websites nowadays

In the past , people used to entertain themselves by telling stories, read newspapers and watching tv . Nowadays, they are interested in using the Internet . They are using game websites, chat websites , social media websites and forums to spend their free time.

Game websites dominate the minds of youth a lot these days. Youth and teenagers entertain themselves and spend their free time by playing these games. The most important game among them is the happy farm. They play it online and spend a happy time. There are other games like chess and angry birds which people use them a lot.

Chat websites are also other ways to make people entertain themselves in the free time . People used them a lot in the recent years. Chat programmes are another type of these websites ,but as an easy way . Whatsapp, Viber, ArabChat and Facebook dominated the people life and controlled their time in positive way by exchanging videos, photos Business Management Articles, documents and the important information in the modern world.

Forums are a helpful habit of spending the free time positively . They help the person who surf their departments to know about the latest information in technology field and the last news in a special way.

I like these ways a lot . I spend my free time in useful things instead of wasting my time in doing something useless. I advice others to use these types in their life to be benefited from it and enjoy themselves . These types can help them know a lot of important things.

Bubble Cooking Adventure Gets Launched on the App Store

Renatus Media, LLC, known as a successful company engaged in publishing of social and mobile game titles, released it on this March. For more than a half-year the game was available online for all Facebook users. As it grew more popular, the time has come to move on…

Its wonderful transformation from social Bubble Cooking FB into mobile Bubble Cooking Adventure iOS can hardly have someone surprised. Moreover, a sweet union of fruit-inspired trademark and culinary bubble-shooting game seems more than natural.

iOS became the first mobile OS featuring this amazing bubble puzzle. Now everyone who adores playing enthralling bubble apps is welcome to enjoy it offline, far away from his PC or notebook. And, guys, Bubble Cooking Adventure is definitely something you’d want to keep within a finger’s reach.

It’s like having a portable kitchen and a teleportation gift at the same time.

Your iPhone will take you to the most renowned culinary world spots. Each of 7 countries will make you an expert in this or that cuisine. Asian, European, Arabic cuisine � choose whatever you like and learn how to cook their best dishes.

Navigating the map of past, present & future cooking adventures, one will hardly notice how much addicted he or she has become to popping yummy bubbles. And to the rest of its wonderful features, such as:

* beating awesomely beautiful levels

* training one’s aim & shoot skills

* compiling collections of national dishes

* using dozens of boosters made to resemble spices, foods and kitchen utensils

* coping with ever-increasing difficulty (bubble bombs, chameleon bubbles, etc.)

* getting sweet rewards, free spins, bonus coins

* sharing every win or achievement with Facebook friends

* making gifts and obtaining them from your pals

In addition, the game’s got some ‘vanity’ features: Chef of the Level and Best score. They encourage players to try harder to become #1, and give them a sweet feeling, similar to the one you have after reaching the highest mountain peak.

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa… Music TV Channels for the road – Online Hindi Radio

Of course it’s very difficult to imagine life without television today, but that was the case years ago in India when plays were enacted and the troupes moved from one town to another to perform and entertain people. Such troupes were quite famous and often called to towns especially to perform and entertain during a celebration. The only other form of entertainment then was the radio. Radio in India began broadcasting on 23rd July 1927. 7BY was the first radio station inaugurated by The Indian Broadcasting Company and the city that was introduced to it was Bombay. Some years later All India Radio took over 7BY.
Radio was one form of connection and entertainment before the black and white TV came into the picture. The radio was also a source of information with addresses by the Prime Minister and the President given over the radio. Radio was popular then and went from a single radio channel to more than fifty. Fast forward to today and you will find that with all the technological progress happening radio has also grown to almost 400+ channels in various languages being broadcasted by All India Radio with at-least 100+ being Hindi Radio channels.
Radio is as popular today as it was then, and today you have the option to carry it with you on your phones instead of lugging around transistors. Not just this now you have online Hindi radio that offers better access to a large database of songs right from the oldies to the new movies songs to music videos and more. All kinds of music, plays, live radio shows are available on online Hindi radio. Play music from one of these online channels and create a playlist that you can listen to whenever the mood strikes you. If that doesn’t make you smile and you prefer the video along with the song then watch anyone of the music TV channels that television offers today.
Music TV channels give you a chance to watch your favourite hero dancing to the tunes of the most popular song currently. These channels do not just play Bollywood movie songs, but they also showcase reviews of the music released for an upcoming movie or a new album released by one of the singing sensations. Learn how the video or the song came about and what the actors or actresses felt while shooting it. Earlier these channels were one way mediums with the viewers being shown what was programmedFree Articles, however today you will find more request shows happening on music TV channels where one can request or dedicate a favourite song to their loved ones. You also get a chance to participate in competitions run regularly on these channels and win goodies.

Taking The Kids On Vacation In Lancaster Pennsylvania

With the great variety of things to do with kids, Lancaster Pa, is one of the best family vacation destinations in the state. With more than one amusement park to choose from as well as opportunities for animal interaction and visits to beautifully landscaped gardens, Lancaster Pa kids activities are some of the best in the area. With all of these activities available in a relatively close geographical area, the choices of what to do on any given day are greatly expanded.

Hershey Park is an amusement park that offers the excitement of 11 roller coasters as well as 65 other amusement park rides and forms of entertainment that makes it one of the most exciting things to do with kids in Lancaster Pa. There is a small zoo within the park, entertaining shows and plenty of food available for purchase making a visit to the park one of the most comprehensive Lancaster Pa kids activities to enjoy with the whole family. There are a variety of choices for admission options from season tickets to single all inclusive passes that cover everything the park has to offer for a full day of fun.

If you have young children that you want to entertain on vacation, Dutch Wonderland is one of the best Lancaster Pa Kids activities for families with young children. There are rides that are suitable for the whole family as well as areas suited especially for the youngest visitors making it one of the family friendly places for things to do with kids in Lancaster Pa. The park is located conveniently in central Lancaster county for easy access and offers free parking for guests which is a rare offering from amusement parks these days.

For good outdoor fun in the summer, one of the most fun Lancaster Pa kids activities to do is mini golf.

Besides the Adventure sports in Hershey that offers golf, go-carts, bumper carts and so much more, there’s the Lost Treasure golf and Maze that’s one of the best things to do with kids in Lancaster, Pa.

This mini golf facility is more than just mini golf, the kids can take part in a treasure hunt and make an adventure of the whole experience for a full day of fun. This venue is dependent on the decent weather to be open so be sure to check before you go to make sure they are open.

Novak Remains on Top

For the second year running the 25 year-old Serbian tennis player Novak Djokovic has ended 2012 as the Number One player in the world in the ATP men’s single rankings.

Djokovic is a popular player on the world circuit and keeps his fellow players in stitches with his impersonations of them. Most are close friends and none of them take offence. He is also known for his sportsmanship, when he lost his doubles match at Wimbledon during the London 2012 Olympic Games he joined the Croatian team to sit and watch his opponents win their next match.

Djokovic was born in Belgrade in the former Republic of Yugoslavia on May 22nd 1987 and comes from a sporting family. His two younger brothers Marko and Dorde both play tennis and hanker after playing on the professional circuit.

Novak began playing at the age of 4 years-old in Mount Kopaonik where his parents ran a fast-food outlet and by the time he was 14 years-old he was playing Internationally and won European trophies in singles, doubles and team competitions.

He was the first Serbian player to reach the semi-finals in a Grand Slam event and he went on to win the Australian Open three times in 2008, 20011 and 2012. He had an outstanding year in 2011 when he won the Australian Open, the Wimbledon Championships and the US Open, making him only the sixth player since the open tennis era began to take three Grand Slam titles in the same year. The only one he has failed to win is the French Open which is on clay and he has earned a total of $41,055,25 since he turned professional.

He is very proud of his Serbian roots and loves to represent his country but his permanent home in in Monte Carlo, Monaco which he shares with his girlfriend of seven years Jelena Riotic who travels with him to a lot of his matches.

Djokovic is a member of the Serbian Orthodox Church and on 28th April 2011 he was awarded the Order of St Sava which is the highest award the church can give for the help he has given to the Serbian people and the churches and monasteries in Kosova and Meoniya.

Wall art painting

To be exceptional something in inventiveness is dependably resolved by all the procedures that have been utilized to make it great and engaging. Same if there should arise an occurrence of painting yet we imagine that its a simple work and one can do it quite effortlessly without any utilization of systems as children are more considered of doing it however when you see this expert painters that time one can envision of the methods utilized behind their diligent work.
Painting wall art is a workmanship and behind it loads of methods is utilized. In painting there are a wide mixture of strategies is utilized to show your temperament and imagination. Fitting utilization of systems will give you great yield.
A number of us are not even conscious of color plans before we begin our canvas. The thing is that we might as well know before we begin with or else it will be like waste of timeFeature Articles, cash and vigor.
When you begin your composition its essential to know some specialized focuses which will direct and help you to be more exceptional in your canvas symbolization. A percentage of the artworks are similar to the truly one its simply on the grounds that the painter utilize systems before they true begin their sketch.
Numerous wall art painting books might be discovered in the business sector which will control you in your composition or else you can visit internet painting destinations where all the specialized focuses and all the direction is give to enhance your artwork.
Just keep all the specialized focuses in your brain as these modest things are just set to help you in an extraordinary way.